A hate crime is any crime which is perceived by the victim or anyone else, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice towards someone because of:
- gender identity
- race or ethnic origin
- religion or belief including alternative sub-cultures
- sexual orientation
It can be against an individual or their property.
A hate incident is a non- crime incident, but can feel like a crime to those who suffer from an incident like this. Just as a hate crime, it is an incident which is perceived by the victim or anyone else, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice towards someone for the same reasons as a hate crime.
Hate crimes and incidents can be, but are not limited to:
- a physical attack like hitting and assault
- verbal abuse or insults including name calling or offensive jokes
- offensive graffiti
- spitting, insulting gestures
- neighbourhood disputes
- threats, harassment or intimidation
- unfounded malicious complaints
- people doing things that frighten, intimidate or distress you
- offensive letters, posters, emails, texts, phone calls, social media messages, photographs and videos
- damage to property or belongings, arson and vandalism
- maliciously dumping rubbish outside homes or through letter boxes
- bullying at work, at school or college or university
- befriending vulnerable people to take advantage of, exploit and or abuse them – often referred to as ‘mate crime’.